Table 2—

All-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality by fasting and 2-h postchallenge glucose group for 3,092 adults aged 30 to 74 years in NHANES II

Fasting plasma glucose <7.0 mmol/l
Fasting plasma glucose ≥7.0 mmol/l
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l)
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l)
<7.87.8 to 11.1≥11.1<7.87.8 to 11.1≥11.1
Participants2,321503131923105
Person years31,8776,5331,6041252411,230
Deaths4161374721148
CVD deaths18159230827
All-cause
 Mortality per 1,000 PY13.121.029.316.045.639.0
 RH (95% CI)*1.0 Reference1.3 (1.0, 1.6)1.6 (1.0, 2.6)2.1 (1.4, 3.2)
 RH (95% CI)1.0 Reference1.1 (0.8, 1.6)1.3 (0.7, 2.5)1.9 (1.1, 3.2)
CVD death
 Mortality per 1,000 PY5.79.014.3033.222.0
 RH (95% CI)*1.0 Reference1.1 (0.7, 1.5)1.4 (0.8, 2.5)2.3 (1.4, 3.6)
 RH (95% CI)1.0 Reference1.0 (0.6, 1.6)1.3 (0.6, 2.8)1.6 (0.8, 3.4)
  • Data are n unless otherwise stated. — Too few events for stable estimate.

  • *

    * RH and 95% CI adjusted for age (continuous) and sex;

  • adjusted for age (continuous), sex, race (white, nonwhite), education (<high school, ≥high school), smoking (ever, never), physical activity (low, high), BMI (<25, 25≤ to <27, 27≤ to <30, ≥30 kg/m2), systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol–to–HDL cholesterol ratio (continuous). PY, person years.