Table 1—

Distribution of descriptive characteristics and demographics of continuous variables among the four groups of consensus classification

Group
TotalP
0 (no neuropathy)1 (neuropathy)3 (neuropathy and/or vascular disease and/or deformity)4 (previous ulcer)
n79215162213
Age (years)49.8 ± 10.354.1 ± 7.555.3 ± 10.853.4 ± 10.252.6 ± 10.40.017
Diabetes duration (years)7.7 ± 6.710.9 ± 8.313.2 ± 12.713.5 ± 8.011.0 ± 9.30.001
Follow-up (months)29.1 ± 6.630.6 ± 4.529.7 ± 5.929.3 ± 7.229.4 ± 6.4NS
BMI (kg/m2)31.4 ± 5.632.1 ± 7.233.1 ± 7.230.4 ± 5.731.6 ± 6.2NS
HbA1c (%)8.7 ± 2.08.8 ± 2.08.6 ± 1.89.7 ± 2.39.0 ± 2.10.020
Plantar peak pressure (N/cm2)62.3 ± 20.965.1 ± 27.063.9 ± 20.783.1 ± 25.768.2 ± 24.2<0.001
ABI1.2 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.21.1 ± 0.41.33 ± 0.421.23 ± 0.350.036
VPT (V)10.2 ± 4.124.3 ± 13.620.4 ± 11.937.0 ± 13.221.7 ± 15.0<0.001
TcPo240.5 ± 13.340.0 ± 10.538.2 ± 14.640.3 ± 19.539.8 ± 15.2NS
  • Data are means ± SD.