Table 1

BFRSS (adjusted for age, gender, and ethnicity/race)

BFRSS questionHRRs surveyed (n)Simple regressionSpatial error regressionFully adjusted regression
How often do you get the social and emotional support that you need? (always to sometimes)289−0.00052 (−0.0042 to 0.0032); 0.7810.0049 (0.0048–0.005); ≤0.00010.0048 (0.0047–0.0050); ≤0.0001
Total alcoholic beverages consumed each month (n)289−0.0046 (−0.0080 to −0.0012); 0.009−0.0033 (−0.0068 to 0.00022); 0.067−0.00060 (−0.0041 to 0.0029); 0.733
Professional health check of feet in past 12 months (no)218−0.00048 (−0.0015 to 0.00057); 0.369−0.00049 (−0.0015 to 0.00055); 0.355−0.000094 (−0.0011 to 0.00087); 0.850
About how many times in the past 12 months have you seen a doctor, nurse, or other health professional for your diabetes? (not seen)218−0.0013 (−0.0028 to 0.00029); 0.110−0.0013 (−0.0029 to 0.00025); 0.099−0.00068 (−0.0021 to 0.00078); 0.358
Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have prediabetes or borderline diabetes? (yes)289−0.0034 (−0.0087 to 0.0017); 0.189−0.0040 (−0.0091 to 0.0011); 0.127−0.0040 (−0.0088 to 0.00091); 0.111
Has your health professional checked your hemoglobin A1c level in the past 12 months? (no)218−0.00045 (−0.0017 to 0.00077); 0.466−0.00019 (−0.0014 to 0.0010); 0.7680.00033 (−0.00080 to 0.0014); 0.565
Have you had a test for high blood glucose or diabetes in the past 3 years? (no)2890.00095 (−0.00014 to 0.0033); 0.4240.00053 (−0.0018 to 0.0029); 0.6620.00015 (−0.0021 to 0.0024); 0.895
About how often do you check your feet for any sores or irritations? (daily)2180.0015 (0.00047–0.0027); 0.0050.00113 (0.00030–0.0025); 0.0120.00082 (−0.00024 to 0.0019); 0.129
Have you taken a course or class in how to manage your diabetes yourself? (yes)218−0.0013 (−0.0024 to −0.0002); 0.018−0.0010 (−0.0021 to 0.0001); 0.086−0.0009 (−0.0019 to 0.0001); 0.051
Have you had a colorectal cancer screening? (yes)289−0.0028 (−0.0044 to −0.0023); <0.0001−0.0027 (−0.0043 to −0.0011); 0.001−0.0017 (−0.0032 to −0.00015); 0.031
  • Responses to queries are presented as regression coefficients (95% CIs); P values, with respect to their association with LEA.