Table 3—

Effect of 8-week intervention with fish oil or corn oil capsules (4 g/day) on the fasting lipid profile

Fish oilCorn oilP*
n2022
Total TAG (mmol/l)
 Before2.35 ± 0.272.76 ± 0.460.459
 After1.81 ± 0.202.72 ± 0.490.105
 Change−0.54 ± 0.13−0.04 ± 0.170.025
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)
 Before5.95 ± 0.215.51 ± 0.230.166
 After5.87 ± 0.235.43 ± 0.200.162
 Change−0.08 ± 0.13−0.08 ± 0.090.966
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)
 Before3.29 ± 0.152.79 ± 0.160.032
 After3.43 ± 0.172.87 ± 0.180.031
 Change0.14 ± 0.100.08 ± 0.090.645
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)
 Before1.22 ± 0.051.12 ± 0.050.195
 After1.28 ± 0.061.11 ± 0.060.062
 Change0.06 ± 0.03−0.01 ± 0.030.094
LDL-1 apo B (mg/dl)
 Before9.15 ± 0.698.58 ± 0.680.565
 After9.13 ± 0.598.08 ± 0.620.232
 Change−0.02 ± 0.53−0.50 ± 0.480.501
LDL-2 apo B (mg/dl)
 Before4.33 ± 0.334.50 ± 0.500.785
 After5.14 ± 0.514.95 ± 0.530.794
 Change0.81 ± 0.310.45 ± 0.230.346
LDL-3 apo B (mg/dl)
 Before6.03 ± 0.575.83 ± 0.670.828
 After7.15 ± 0.836.67 ± 0.740.670
 Change1.12 ± 0.480.84 ± 440.669
LDL-4 apo B (mg/dl)
 Before9.78 ± 0.908.20 ± 0.790.193
 After10.56 ± 1.129.52 ± 0.990.487
 Change0.78 ± 0.581.32 ± 0.640.540
LDL-5 apo B (mg/dl)
 Before14.46 ± 0.8511.52 ± 1.090.045
 After13.67 ± 0.8911.77 ± 1.100.172
 Change−0.79 ± 0.700.25 ± 0.710.306
LDL-6 apo B (mg/dl)
 Before26.58 ± 3.1022.07 ± 1.780.198
 After26.86 ± 3.5320.66 ± 1.740.127
 Change0.28 ± 1.70−1.41 ± 1.110.396
HDL-2b cholesterol (mmol/l)
 Before0.26 ± 0.020.26 ± 0.020.890
 After0.31 ± 0.02§0.26 ± 0.020.165
 Change0.05 ± 0.010.00 ± 0.010.012
HDL-2a cholesterol (mmol/l)
 Before0.39 ± 0.020.36 ± 0.020.500
 After0.37 ± 0.030.30 ± 0.030.057
 Change−0.02 ± 0.01−0.06 ± 0.010.007
HDL-3 cholesterol (mmol/l)
 Before0.57 ± 0.030.50 ± 0.020.055
 After0.59 ± 0.020.56 ± 0.030.434
 Change0.02 ± 0.020.06 ± 0.010.089
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * Fish oil versus corn oil;

  • P < 0.001,

  • P < 0.05,

  • §

    § P < 0.01 vs. before.