Table 1

Age-adjusted baseline (1999) characteristics by CES-D score categories*

CharacteristicCES-D score categories
<1616–2223–32≥33
Number of women25,6635,5083,2681,459
Mean age, years (SD)42.1 (10.3)39.9 (9.4)39.2 (8.8)38.6 (8.4)
Mean energy intake, kcal/day (SD)1,420 (644)1,481 (681)1,521 (700)1,598 (739)
Mean BMI, kg/m2 (SD)28.2 (6.2)29.3 (6.5)29.7 (6.8)29.9 (6.8)
Education ≤12 years, %14182123
Currently married, %46393533
Antidepressant use, %261020
Family history of diabetes, %36383939
Current smokers, %12171924
Current alcohol drinkers, %27333335
Vigorous exercise ≥5 h/week, %10776
Television watching ≥5 h/day, %16222533
Use healthcare options,** %96959592
  • *All of the characteristics vary significantly across CES-D group at the α = 0.05 level.

  • **Based on having had a mammogram, Pap smear, or routine blood test in the course of a physical exam, over the past 2 years at baseline.