Table 3—

Risk factors for incident CHF in multivariate modeling using logistic regression

VariableβSEPOR95% Cl
Age (baseline)0.2790.0060.0011.051.03–1.06
Duration of diabetes0.0810.0170.0121.041.01–1.08
Use of insulin0.1210.1420.0011.661.26–2.20
Use of oral agent0.0660.1220.0441.281.01–1.62
Baseline HbA1c−0.0810.0490.0520.910.83–1.00
Baseline serum creatinine0.1250.1100.0011.781.43–2.21
Baseline systolic blood pressure−0.0190.0030.5891.000.99–1.00
Baseline weight0.0710.0010.0371.001.00–1.01
Change* in HbA1c−0.1430.0460.0010.860.79–0.94
Change* in serum creatinine0.1250.1100.0011.741.41–2.16
Change* in systolic blood pressure−0.0910.0030.0070.990.99–1.00
Change* in weight0.0470.0020.1481.001.00–1.01
Baseline ischemic heart disease0.2300.1170.0012.732.17–3.43
Follow-up ischemic heart disease0.2170.1530.0014.313.19–5.81
  • *

    * Change is calculated as follow-up measurement minus baseline measurement, so a negative coefficient represents a reduction in value from baseline follow-up.