Table 2—

Distribution of position-induced changes in ABP and dippers/nondippers status according to the presence of diabetic retinopathy in patients without nephropathy

Group R (n = 20) DD 5.6 ± 5.3 years
Group R+ (n = 17) DD 17.8 ± 7.8 years
HVΔ VHHVΔ VH
ASBP (mmHg)113.2 ± 11.2118.7 ± 12.2*5.5 ± 5.2122.1 ± 12.2122.1 ± 14.7−0.0 ± 7.1
ADBP (mmHg)76.3 ± 8.180.9 ± 8.64.6 ± 5.682.2 ± 7.182.7 ± 7.20.5 ± 3.9
AHR (bpm)77.8 ± 12.191.0 ± 14.8*13.1 ± 6.481.2 ± 14.994.0 ± 19.1*12.8 ± 10.9
Dippers
Nondippers
R (n = 13)R+ (n = 7)Total (n = 20)R (n = 7)R+ (n = 10)Total (n = 17)
Δ SBP (mmHg)4.7 ± 5.4§1.4 ± 7.33.5 ± 6.26.5 ± 5.0§−1.1 ± 7.02.0 ± 7.2
Δ DBP (mmHg)3.4 ± 4.6§1.9 ± 5.42.9 ± 4.86.5 ± 7.1§−0.6 ± 2.12.4 ± 5.9
  • Data are means ± SEM. Group R, retinopathy-free patients; Group R+, patients with retinopathy. Nondippers were defined by a day-to-night fall in either SBP or DBP of <10%.

  • *

    * P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.01;

  • P < 0.05, vertical versus horizontal.

  • §

    § P < 0.05 group R+ versus R (ANOVA), and group R+ nondippers versus group R nondippers (Wilcoxon test).