Table 2—

Risk factors of CHD events in elderly diabetic men and women during 7 years of follow-up, univariate Cox regression analysis

Men
Women
HR95% CIPHR95% CIP
Age1.100.93–1.300.2551.020.92–1.130.697
Previous MI2.471.04–5.860.0411.760.75–4.150.195
LVH on ECG1.270.42–3.800.6691.200.64–2.230.570
Current smoker0.610.08–4.560.6270.050.02–1.980.608
Alcohol consumption0.750.50–1.130.1640.880.27–2.830.827
BMI1.161.06–1.270.0011.040.98–1.090.211
WHR (≥1.00)*2.861.15–7.110.0241.200.54–2.680.657
Hypertension1.230.51–2.960.6501.630.76–3.480.210
Systolic blood pressure1.000.98–1.020.8811.011.00–1.030.010
Apolipoprotein e4 allele (no/yes)0.490.18–1.350.1700.790.44–1.430.441
Total cholesterol (≥6.2 mmol/l)0.950.40–2.230.9031.040.59–1.820.894
HDL cholesterol (<1.00 mmol/1)2.591.07–6.280.0361.740.99–3.050.055
Triglycerides (2.3 mmol/l)1.010.41–2.510.9831.140.65–2.000.647
Fasting glucose0.990.89–1.110.9101.050.97–1.130.215
2-h glucose0.980.91–1.050.5261.020.97–1.060.438
Fasting insulin (log)0.260.05–1.480.1300.880.27–2.800.823
2-h insulin (log)0.540.19–1.490.2350.810.39–1.690.581
Duration of diabetes0.920.84–1.010.0750.960.91–1.020.216
HbA1c1.050.85–1.300.6681.120.99–1.260.071
ACR (≥8.55 mg/mmol)1.710.66–4.420.2681.790.99–3.220.054
  • Of 74 men, 21 experienced a CHD event, and of 155 women, 49 experienced a CHD event by the time of the 7-year follow-up. Cutoff point is the highest WHR quartile (≥1.00);

  • cutoff points based on high risk category classification of the National Cholesterol Education Program and the guidelines of the European Atherosclerosis Society;

  • cutoff point is the highest ACR quartile (≥8.55 mg/mmol).