Table 1—

Glucose tolerance status by risk factor categories

n% with diabetesAdjusted OR (95% CI)P% with IGTAdjusted OR (95% CI)P
Place of residence
  Nuuk3379.5*0.60 (0.33–1.07)0.0811.92.16 (1.02–4.57)0.04
  Qasigiannguit4038.2*0.52 (0.29–0.93)0.0313.82.51 (1.21–5.20)0.01
  Uummannaq15414.5*1.006.11.00
Family history of diabetes
  Yes9511.83.02 (1.45–6.30)0.0318.32.46 (1.33–4.55)0.004
  No7945.91.0011.41.00
Inuit blood quantum
  Full7716.51.09 (0.37–3.22)0.8812.10.73 (0.35–1.51)0.40
  Partly735.61.0015.31.00
Physical activity
  Sedentary9010.62.15 (0.73–6.35)0.16524.73.19 (1.25–8.16)0.015
  Moderate activity5776.01.02 (0.42–2.49)0.9711.11.14 (0.50–2.62)0.76
  Heavy activity1076.81.007.81.00
Education
  8 years or less4789.31.0012.91.00
  9–11 years2751.90.29 (0.11–0.77)0.0139.51.59 (0.88–2.89)0.12
  High school or more3200.04 (0.01–9.78)0.6512.92.92 (0.90–9.49)0.07
Fresh fruit intake
  ≥4 times per week2413.80.33 (0.15–0.76)0.0098.90.65 (0.34–1.24)0.19
  1–3 times per week2682.70.19 (0.08–0.46)<0.00113.00.83 (0.47–1.45)0.51
  2–3 times per month8810.50.82 (0.36–1.90)0.64911.60.86 (0.39–1.94)0.72
  Once monthly or less20013.31.0016.81.00
Intake of seal meat
  ≥4 times per week588.60.88 (0.28–2.77)0.826.90.35 (0.11–1.12)0.07
  1–3 times per week3518.41.31 (0.54–2.40)0.7413.30.87 (0.49–1.53)0.63
  2–3 times per month2344.40.64 (0.26–1.56)0.329.60.67 (0.35–1.27)0.22
  Once monthly or less1916.01.0013.11.00
Smoking status
  Current smoker5675.10.51 (0.29–0.9)0.02110.00.65 (0.42–1.01)0.06
  Nonsmoker28910.21.0017.21.00
Alcohol consumption
  >3 times per week3824.317.4 (4.14–72.7)<0.00110.80.91 (0.27–4.01)0.87
  1–2 times per week1617.55.19 (1.38–19.5)0.01511.91.06 (0.54–2.10)0.86
  1–3 times per week4116.55.01 (1.44–17.4)0.0119.50.84 (0.47–1.49)0.54
  Less than monthly or never1611.91.0018.41.00
  • Crude prevalences with age- and sex-adjusted ORs.

  • *

    * Both known and previously unknown cases.