Table 1—

Components of the metabolic syndrome at baseline

ComponentDefinitionnMean ± SD% Elevation
Elevated glycemia6.9
 Glucose≥140 mg/dl4,45399.3 ± 16.32.5
 Glycosylated Hemoglobin≥7%4,4535.8 ± 0.75.4
High blood pressure18.4
 Systolic≥160 mmHg4,451131.5 ± 20.39.1
 Diastolic≥90 mmHg4,45177.5 ± 11.013.1
High-risk lipid levels82.7
 Serum total cholesterol≥200 mg/dl4,452233.5 ± 44.077.9
 Serum HDL cholesterol<35 (men), <39 (women) mg/dl4,44852.7 ± 17.715.9
 Lipid ratio (Total/HDL)>5.7 (men), >5.1 (women)4,4474.9 ± 1.933.4
Elevated BMI>30 kg/m24,42328.5 ± 5.333.2
Elevated uric acid level>7.0 mg/dl4,4536.0 ± 1.927.0
Proteinuria≥30 mg/dl4,4373.3