Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of 1,244 men and women in the Mexico City Study

Men (n = 515)Women (n = 729)
Age (years)46.0 ± 0.446.0 ± 0.3
Weight (kg)72.6 ± 0.565.6 ± 0.4
Height (cm)164.5 ± 0.2151.4 ± 0.2
BMI (kg/m2)26.8 ± 0.228.6 ± 0.2
Waist circumference (cm)93.1 ± 0.497.4 ± 0.5
Waist-to-hip ratio0.964 ± 0.0020.964 ± 0.003
CRP (mg/l)2.29 ± 0.322.74 ± 0.20
Fasting insulin (IU/ml)14.7 ± 0.616.7 ± 0.6
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.72 ± 0.034.73 ± 0.02
Insulin resistance (HOMA)*3.22 ± 0.133.68 ± 0.14
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.79 ± 0.091.98 ± 0.05
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)0.78 ± 0.010.90 ± 0.01
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)117.5 ± 0.6114.4 ± 0.6
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)74.9 ± 0.571.2 ± 0.4
Current smoking (%)48.220.3
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * Insulin resistance calculated using the HOMA as fasting insulin (units/ml) × fasting glucose (mmol/l)/22.5.