Table 1—

Univariate odds ratios and 95% CIs for 1-SD increments in potential cardiovascular risk factors in men and women

Risk factor1.0 SDOdds ratios (95% CIs)
Both sexes combinedMenWomen
Age (years)112.82 (2.34–3.40)3.10 (2.43–3.96)2.52 (1.88–3.40)
Male sexY/N2.37 (1.71–3.30)
Mexican-American ethnicityY/N0.73 (0.53–1.01)0.79 (0.53–1.18)0.66 (0.39–1.12)
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)19.81.22 (1.11–1.34)1.21 (1.04–1.41)1.22 (1.07–1.39)
2-h glucose (mg/dl)50.61.30 (1.16–1.45)1.35 (1.16–1.57)1.31 (1.11–1.54)
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)15.31.17 (1.05–1.30)1.20 (1.05–1.38)1.10 (0.90–1.34)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)15.01.77 (1.55–2.02)1.85 (1.52–2.26)1.61 (1.33–1.96)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)9.11.51 (1.30–1.76)1.35 (1.10–1.66)1.49 (1.16–1.92)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)41.31.44 (1.26–1.65)1.48 (1.23–1.78)1.33 (1.05–1.68)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)36.71.43 (1.25–1.64)1.45 (1.20–1.74)1.29 (1.01–1.64)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)15.30.74 (0.62–0.88)0.95 (0.75–1.20)0.69 (0.52–0.93)
Triglyceride (mg/dl)106.31.24 (1.11–1.39)1.18 (1.02–1.37)1.20 (1.04–1.40)
BMI (kg/m2)5.51.32 (1.16–1.52)1.39 (1.12–1.72)1.30 (1.07–1.59)
First-degree relative with diabetesY/N1.12 (0.79–1.60)1.30 (0.80–2.10)0.83 (0.48–1.43)
First-degree relative with heart attackY/N2.12 (1.54–2.93)2.43 (1.61–3.65)1.95 (1.15–3.32)
Currently smoking cigarettesY/N1.65 (1.19–2.29)1.18 (0.78–1.80)2.22 (1.30–3.81)