Table 1—

Selected demographic, clinical, and standards of care variables among American Indian/Alaska Native people with type 2 diabetes (IHS, 1998)

Age at audit (years)8,860 (54.9 ± 13.4)
Age at diagnosis (years)8,860 (46.1 ± 13.2)
Diabetes duration (years)8,860 (8.8 ± 7.4)
BMI8,860 (32.9 ± 7.1)
HbA1c8,860 (8.6 ± 2.3)
Sex
 Male3,532 (39.9)
 Female5,328 (60.1)
Proteinuria
 Yes2,196 (24.8)
 No5,342 (60.3)
 Unknown1,322 (14.9)
Treatment type
 Diet alone1,068 (12.1)
 Oral agents5,043 (56.9)
 Insulin (with or without oral agents)2,616 (29.5)
 Unknown133 (1.5)
Diabetes health care index factors
 Foot exam
  Yes5,563 (62.8)
  No3,297 (37.2)
 Eye exam
  Yes5,004 (56.5)
  No3,856 (43.5)
 Diet instruction
  Yes5,858 (66.1)
  No3,002 (33.9)
 Exercise instruction
  Yes5,070 (57.2)
  No3,790 (42.8)
 General diabetes education
  Yes6,197 (69.9)
  No2,663 (30.1)
 Influenza vaccination
  Yes4,922 (55.6)
  No3,938 (44.4)
  • Data are n (mean ± SD) or n (%).