Table 1—

Characteristics of the study groups

Normal subjectsType 2 diabetic patients
M/F13/612/4
Age (years)51 ± 254 ± 2
Weight (kg)87 ± 388 ± 4
Height (cm)174 ± 2174 ± 2
BMI (kg/m2)28.9 ± 0.929.1 ± 1.1
Body fat (%)28 ± 228 ± 1
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)125 ± 4129 ± 4
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)80 ± 279 ± 2
Waist-to-hip ratio0.95 ± 0.021.00 ± 0.02
Smoking (+/–)4/154/12
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.7 ± 0.111.6 ± 0.7*
Fasting serum-free insulin (mU/l)11 ± 211 ± 2
Fasting serum C-peptide (nmol/l)0.8 ± 0.11.1 ± 0.2
HbA1c (%)5.7 ± 0.18.3 ± 0.2*
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l)4.8 ± 0.25.2 ± 0.3
Serum HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.3 ± 0.11.1 ± 0.1
Serum triglycerides (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.11.8 ± 0.2
Serum creatinine (μmol/l)85 ± 383 ± 2
Urinary albumin excretion rate (μg/min)10 ± 29 ± 3
Duration of diabetes (years)7 ± 1
  • Data are means ± SE unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.001 for type 2 diabetic patients vs. normal subjects.