Table 1—

Patient characteristics

CharacteristicCase subjectsControl subjects
n356185
Age (years)41.7 ± 10.636.1 ± 8.1
Diabetes duration (years)25.0 ± 9.015.5 ± 7.0
HbA1c (%)9.0 ± 1.67.7 ± 1.3
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)127 ± 21.5115 ± 13.7
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)75 ± 11.774 ± 10.9
AER (μg/min)65.4 (9.21, 372)6.2 (4.5, 8.4)
Amadori albumin (units/ml)48.1 ± 13.742.7 ± 13.1
Urinary TGF-β1/creatinine (pg/mmol)3.71 (2.34, 5.26)2.36 (1.55, 3.46)
Circulating TGF-β1 (ng/ml)6.17 (3.71, 9.00)5.52 (3.29, 8.08)
Cholesterol (mmol/l)5.5 ± 1.245.0 ± 1.10
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.60 ± 0.431.67 ± 0.45
Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.23 (0.85, 1.58)0.84 (0.66, 1.08)
Waist (cm)86.0 ± 11.983.0 ± 10.9
Height (cm)168 ± 9.4170 ± 9.6
Weight (kg)70.1 ± 12.569.3 ± 11.9
Waist-to-hip ratio0.89 ± 0.130.88 ± 0.16
  • Data are means ± SD or geometric means (25th and 75th percentiles) for log-transformed data.