Table 1—

Characteristics of the sample by ethnic group and sex

MalayChineseIndianOther Indigenous*All
Men
n4,2822,4466381,4838,849
 Mean age (years)47 ± 1348 ± 1245 ± 1246 ± 1347 ± 13
 Mean BMI23.3 ± 3.923.6 ± 3.723.9 ± 3.622.6 ± 3.723.8 ± 3.8
 % BMI
  <25 kg/m27167677670
  25–29.9 kg/m22428282125
  ≥30 kg/m255535
 Mean BG5.5 ± 3.56.0 ± 3.67.0 ± 4.84.9 ± 2.35.7 ± 3.5
 Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (%)3.5 ± 0.35.7 ± 0.56.7 ± 1.02.7 ± 0.54.4 ± 0.2
 Prevalence of diabetes (%)6.0 ± 0.47.3 ± 0.616.3 ± 1.52.7 ± 0.57.0 ± 0.3
 Age-standardized prevalence of diabetes§ (%)6.5 ± 0.57.1 ± 0.619.5 ± 2.02.9 ± 0.6
Women
n4,9922,9297431,70510,369
 Mean age (years)46 ± 1347 ± 1345 ± 1245 ± 1346 ± 13
 Mean BMI24.2 ± 4.723.4 ± 4.124.7 ± 4.923.1 ± 4.423.8 ± 4.5
 % BMI
  <25 kg/m26272607166
  25–29.9 kg/m22622282225
  >30 kg/m21161279
 Mean BG5.8 ± 3.56.1 ± 3.46.6 ± 4.35.4 ± 3.05.9 ± 3.5
 Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (%)4.3 ± 0.36.3 ± 0.56.1 ± 1.03.4 ± 0.55.0 ± 0.3
 Prevalence of diabetes (%)6.6 ± 0.48.0 ± 0.511.5 ± 1.24.2 ± 0.67.1 ± 0.2
 Age-standardized prevalence of diabetes§ (%)7.5 ± 0.57.8 ± 0.611.6 ± 1.44.8 ± 0.7
  • *

    * Other Indigenous refers to indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo;

  • means ± SD;

  • means ± SE;

  • §

    § age-standardized to Segi’s world population.