Table 2—

Unadjusted rates of receipt for three diabetic services, stratified by population characteristics, total Medicare diabetic population, and age 18–75 years

Received HbA1c (%)Received eye exam (%)Received lipid profile (%)
Total population67.868.356.8
 Age
  <65 years61.955.148.5
  ≥65 years69.371.558.8
Sex
 Male67.264.457.1
 Female68.471.556.5
Race
 White70.169.859.6
 Black59.762.144.4
 Other61.565.854.0
Neighborhood
 ZQ ≥5071.772.762.5
 ZQ <5066.166.354.2
Outpatient visits per year
 ≤552.454.938.9
 6–1570.667.458.5
 ≥1670.274.161.2
ESRD status
 No ESRD68.268.257.5
 ESRD present54.769.933.1
Diabetes complications
 Not present65.461.757.2
 Present70.775.856.3
Charlson index
 0–270.067.757.9
 ≥363.569.454.6
State of residence
 Minimum (worst state)51.5 (MS)56.3 (AK)38.9 (MS)
 Maximum (best state)83.2 (VT)78.2 (ME)71.0 (HI)