Table 1—

Sample characteristics at baseline

Control group (n = 48)Intervention group (n = 60)
Sex
 Male27 (56.2)36 (60)
 Female21 (43.8)24 (40)
Race
 Caucasian42 (87.5)51 (85)
 African-American5 (10.4)9 (15)
 Asian1 (2.1)0
Age (years)58.33 ± 11.3356.53 ± 10.15
BMI (kg/m2)30.40 ± 7.7429.49 ± 5.85
HbAlc (%)7.54 ± 1.348.14 ± 2.11*
STAI-trait43.73 ± 12.5942.55 ± 9.98
STAI-state33.98 ± 8.9936.58 ± 11.47
GHQ51.25 ± 10.0752.58 ± 9.49
PSS23.98 ± 9.6724.67 ± 8.35
DASI40.67 ± 16.2939.23 ± 14.72
Daily caloric intake1,872.96 ± 487.232,172.95 ± 669.90*
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

  • *

    * P < 0.05