Table 1—

Clinical characteristics of patients with GDM, type 2 diabetes, and control subjects with NGT

GDType 2 diabetesNGT
n (M/F)66 (0/66)82 (41/41)86 (39/47)
Age (years)31.4 ± 4.548.5 ± 6.543.9 ± 9.2
BMI (kg/m2)26 ± 6.229.4 ± 4.625.3 ± 3.5
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l)4.3 ± 0.58.2 ± 2.54.7 ± 0.5
Fasting serum insulin (mU/l)10 ± 512.8 ± 8.97.0 ± 4.0
HbA1c (%)4.2 ± 0.46.9 ± 1.55.2 ± 0.5
GAD antibody–positive (%) 3123  
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.