Table 3—

Mean and SD for outcome measures

Outcome measureExperimental group
Control group
Baseline3 Months6 Months12 MonthsBaseline3 Months6 Months12 Months
Physiological indicators
    HbA1c11.81 ± 3.00 (n = 126)10.6 ± 2.64 (n = 108)10.80 ± 2.80 (n = 117)10.89 ± 2.56 (n = 112)11.80 ± 3.02 (n = 125)11.22 ± 2.77 (n = 99)12.20 ± 2.95 (n = 109)11.64 ± 2.85 (n = 112)
    FBG213.01 ± 64.06 (n = 126)189.62 ± 66.97 (n = 120)185.24 ± 60.90 (n = 119)194.95 ± 63.27 (n = 114)207.12 ± 71.41 (n = 126)201.01 ± 62.16 (n = 101)215.04 ± 66.81 (n = 110)210.51 ± 66.55 (n = 113)
    Cholesterol211.83 ± 45.34 (n = 126)191.39 ± 41.12 (n = 108)192.46 ± 40.34 (n = 118)189.88 ± 36.35 (n = 112)203.57 ± 48.82 (n = 125)187.93 ± 40.84 (n = 102)185.88 ± 40.53 (n = 112)187.64 ± 42.66 (n = 113)
    Triglycerides215.35 ± 130.07 (n = 126)186.41 ± 96.06 (n = 107)189.12 ± 107.85 (n = 117)214.43 ± 194.93 (n = 113)195.58 ± 118.95 (n = 125)192.20 ± 128.39 (n = 98)237.66 ± 234.10 (n = 112)198.65 ± 148.38 (n = 113)
    BMI32.33 ± 5.97 (n = 125)31.90 ± 6.05 (n = 119)31.70 ± 5.84 (n = 118)32.17 ± 6.45 (n = 114)32.12 ± 6.35 (n = 124)32.73 ± 6.84 (n = 100)32.47 ± 6.83 (n = 109)32.28 ± 6.52 (n = 113)
Psychoeducational indicators— Health beliefs
    Control3.12 ± 1.45 (n = 123)3.63 ± 1.33 (n = 115)3.65 ± 1.26 (n = 110)3.08 ± 1.41 (n = 121)3.41 ± 1.40 (n = 98)3.43 ± 1.26 (n = 106)
    Barriers2.42 ± 0.85 (n = 126)2.18 ± 0.80 (n = 116)2.11 ± 0.72 (n = 110)2.50 ± 0.76 (n = 122)2.18 ± 0.82 (n = 99)2.30 ± 0.81 (n = 107)
    Social support4.05 ± 0.96 (n = 119)4.26 ± 1.04 (n = 115)4.05 ± 1.10 (n = 110)4.07 ± 0.93 (n = 119)4.30 ± 0.78 (n = 97)4.19 ± 0.95 (n = 107)
    Impact of job2.69 ± 1.13 (n = 103)2.37 ± 1.09 (n = 91)2.33 ± 0.98 (n = 89)2.46 ± 1.16 (n = 101)2.12 ± 0.91 (n = 70)2.24 ± 0.99 (n = 89)
    Benefits4.64 ± 0.44 (n = 126)4.70 ± 0.40 (n = 116)4.57 ± 0.48 (n = 110)4.61 ± 0.43 (n = 122)4.59 ± 0.45 (n = 99)4.63 ± 0.42 (n = 107)
Diabetes knowledge36.23 ± 6.17 (n = 126)41.44 ± 5.13 (n = 117)42.94 ± 4.87 (n = 110)37.30 ± 6.28 (n = 122)39.10 ± 5.75 (n = 100)40.92 ± 4.87 (n = 107)
  • Data are mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated.