Table 2—

Learning, behavioral, and clinical outcomes in 92 individuals completing a comprehensive diabetes education program by intervention format

MeasurementIntervention format
Mean differences* (P)
Group (n = 43)
Individual (n = 49)
Baseline6 MonthsPBaseline6 MonthsP
Knowledge test (14 points)8.4 ± 2.712.6 ± 1.6<0.017.6 ± 2.812.5 ± 1.5<0.010.15
Exercise frequency (times/week)2.1 ± 1.72.4 ± 2.00.372.1 ± 1.72.3 ± 1.90.370.97
Exercise duration (min/activity)20.2 ± 18.023.8 ± 20.10.3819.1 ± 17.521.6 ± 18.70.390.83
Goal achieved (%)76.382.90.49
Weight (lbs)224.3 ± 32.9218.5 ± 33.2<0.01227.8 ± 51.4217.4 ± 49.1<0.010.16
BMI (kg/m2)34.1 ± 5.933.3 ± 6.10.1133.6 ± 7.132.1 ± 7.0<0.010.13
HbA1c (%)9.0 ± 1.66.5 ± 0.7<0.018.2 ± 1.76.5 ± 0.9<0.010.05
ATT-19 survey47.0 ± 9.041.3 ± 9.0<0.0144.1 ± 9.639.3 ± 10.3<0.010.64
SF-36 mental scale51.1 ± 8.854.3 ± 8.3<0.0150.3 ± 10.153.2 ± 10.10.040.82
SF-36 physical scale
49.4 ± 8.4
50.1 ± 7.3
0.63
48.5 ± 8.3
50.0 ± 7.5
0.93
0.69
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Comparison of change over time between education setting (hypothesis: mean change in group setting = mean change in individual setting).

  • Percentage of participants indicating achieving behavioral goal 50–80 or >80% of the time during the study period.