Table 1

Proportions of U.S. adults with diabetes meeting the ADA exercise guidelines by selected characteristics

Meet aerobic exercise guidelines*Meet resistance exercise guidelines
Weighted prevalenceAdjusted ORWeighted prevalenceAdjusted OR
Characteristic%95% CIOR95% CI%95% CIOR95% CI
Sex
 Male45.5(44.2–46.8)114.3(13.5–15.3)1
 Female36.5(35.5–37.6)0.73(0.68–0.78)10.5(9.8–11.2)0.72(0.65–0.80)
Age (years)
 18–2450.1(39.5–60.7)1.35(0.89–2.07)22.9(15.2–32.9)2.12(1.29–3.47)
 25–3442.0(36.3–47.9)1.04(0.81–1.35)15.7(12.0–20.2)1.32(0.96–1.82)
 35–4441.6(38.2–45.1)1.03(0.88–1.20)14.1(11.6–17.0)1.17(0.93–1.49)
 45–5439.0(36.9–41.1)0.91(0.82–1.01)11.7(10.4–13.2)0.95(0.82–1.11)
 55–6439.7(38.2–41.3)0.90(0.83–0.98)11.5(10.6–12.5)0.91(0.81–1.02)
 >6542.6(41.4–43.7)112.4(11.7–13.1)1
Race/ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic42.7(41.8–43.6)112.0(11.4–12.6)1
 Black, non-Hispanic35.8(33.5–38.1)0.87(0.77–0.97)13.8(12.3–15.5)1.32(1.13–1.53)
 Hispanic37.4(34.5–40.5)0.91(0.79–1.05)11.8(9.8–14.0)1.06(0.84–1.32)
 Other46.8(42.7–51.0)0.95(0.80–1.13)15.6(13.1–18.4)1.16(0.93–1.44)
Education level
 Less than high school31.4(29.4–33.5)0.43(0.38–0.49)10.1(8.7–11.6)0.58(0.48–0.69)
 High school39.0(37.6–40.5)0.60(0.55–0.66)10.7(9.9–11.7)0.62(0.55–0.71)
 Some college43.8(42.3–45.3)0.73(0.66–0.80)13.7(12.7–14.7)0.83(0.73–0.94)
 College degree53.3(51.6–55.1)116.7(15.5–18.0)1
BMI (kg/m2)
 Underweight/normal (<25)50.2(47.8–52.5)115.8(14.2–17.5)1
 Overweight (25–30)46.3(44.7–47.9)0.86(0.76–0.96)14.0(12.9–15.1)0.88(0.75–1.03)
 Obese (>30)36.2(35.1–37.3)0.59(0.53–0.66)10.9(10.1–11.6)0.68(0.59–0.79)
U.S. census region
 Midwest41.3(39.6–43.0)113.1(11.9–14.4)1
 Northeast41.5(39.5–43.6)1.00(0.90–1.12)11.8(10.5–13.1)0.86(0.73–1.02)
 South37.6(36.3–38.9)0.89(0.81–0.97)11.4(10.6–12.3)0.83(0.72–0.96)
 West47.4(45.5–49.4)1.24(1.11–1.38)14.2(12.9–15.7)1.02(0.86–1.21)
  • * To meet the ADA aerobic exercise guidelines (4), respondents had to report engaging at least 150 min per week in moderate intensity aerobic physical activity and/or at least 90 min per week in vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity.

  • To meet the ADA resistance exercise guidelines (4), respondents had to report engaging in resistance exercise at least three times a week.

  • Adjusted OR accounted for sex, age-group, race/ethnicity, education level, BMI, and U.S. census region.