Table 1—

Characteristics of the three groups of subjects

Type 1 diabetic subjects (A)Type 2 diabetic subjects (B)Control subjects (C)P
n569750
Sex (M/F)34/2237/6029/21A vs. B=0.011 A vs. C=0.844 B vs. C=0.024
Age (years)30.0 ± 1.451.5 ± 1.029.0 ± 1.5A vs. B <0.001 A vs. C=0.502 B vs. C <0.001
BMI (kg/m2)*20.2 ± 0.424.6 ± 0.520.3 ± 0.4A vs. B <0.001 A vs. C=0.992 B vs. C <0.001
WHR*0.88 ± 0.010.94 ± 0.010.83 ± 0.01A vs. B <0.001 A vs. C <0.001 B vs. C <0.001
Systolic blood pressure*114.8 ± 2.8133.7 ± 2.1120.2 ± 2.1A vs. B <0.001 A vs. C=0.015 B vs. C <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure*76.4 ± 1.381.4 ± 1.178.7 ± 1.8A vs. B=0.003 A vs. C=0.301 B vs. C=0.079
  • Data are means ±SEM.

  • *

    * Although statistically significant differences were observed among groups, multivariate analysis indicated that these differences were not statistically significant when adjusted for differences in age, sex, and/or BMI.