Table 2—

Relationship between patient characteristics and HRQOL (EQ5D utility scores)

Univariate analyses
Multivariate analyses
CoefficientPCoefficientP
Age (per year)−0.0030.0001−0.0020.0139
Female sex−0.0870.0001−0.0830.0001
Duration since diagnosis (per year)−0.0060.0001
Treatment type (three categories)
    Diet versus oral0.0260.2397
    Insulin versus oral−0.1340.0001
Insulin therapy−0.1390.0001−0.0770.0009
Presence of any complications−0.1140.0001
Per complication category
    Microvascular only−0.0850.0001−0.0680.0015
    Macrovascular only−0.0750.0026−0.0770.0017
    Microvascular and macrovascular−0.1910.0001−0.1690.0001
Hypertension−0.0110.4773
Obesity (if BMI >30 kg/m2)−0.0670.0001−0.0440.0153
Hyperlipidemia0.0130.4712
Microalbuminuria−0.0120.6349
Blood glucose (per mmol/l)−0.0040.0669
HbA1c (per percentage unit)−0.0190.0014
Model intercept0.9860.0001
Adjusted r square0.1166
(df=959)