Table 3—

Frequency of problems according to the five Euroqol 5D subscales seen in different patient groups

Patient groupMobilitySelf-careUsual activitiesPain/discomfortAnxiety/depression
All patients4711375329
Sex(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)
    Female5514445835
    Male389304723
Age categories(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(0.0004)(0.6548)(0.0564)
    <50 years245344838
    50–59 years406395733
    60–69 years408285127
    ≥70 years6319445327
Duration since diagnosis(<0.0001)(0.0614)(0.0125)(0.0335)(0.4186)
    <5 years245344838
    5–10 years406395733
    ≥10 years6319445327
Treatment categories(<0.0001)(0.0048)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(0.0016)
    Diet/exercise3010274427
    Oral medication4610345127
    Treatment insulin6719616941
Complication categories(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)(<0.0001)
    No complications327274627
    Only microvascular539415735
    Only macrovascular5313425819
    Microvascular and macrovascular7526556440
  • Data are percentages of patients with at least some problem (P values shown in parentheses) (n=1136). Statistical tests:

  • *

    * Mann-Whitney U test;

  • Kendall τ test;

  • Kruskal-Wallis test.