Table 4—

Factors associated with problems according to the five Euroqol 5D subscales

MobilitySelf-careUsual activitiesPain/discomfortAnxiety/depression
Age (per year)1.041.05
(1.03, 1.06)(1.03, 1.08)
(<.001)
Female sex1.921.751.821.74
(1.37, 2.70)(1.26, 2.43)(1.35, 2.44)(1.25, 2.42)
(<.001)(<.001)(<.001)(.001)
Insulin therapy2.693.49
(1.43, 5.08)(2.02, 6.03)
(.002)(<.001)
Microvascular1.731.70
    complications(1.13, 2.66)(1.11, 2.59)
    only(.012)(.015)
Macrovascular2.382.231.680.43
    complications(1.49, 3.80)(1.41, 3.51)(1.12, 2.53)(0.25, 0.76)
    only(<.001)(<.001)(.012)(.004)
Microvascular and6.415.003.221.662.00
    macrovascular(3.53, 11.65)(2.72, 9.20)(1.96, 5.28)(1.05, 2.63)(1.26, 3.19)
    complications(<.001)(<.001)(<.001)(.029)(.004)
Obesity1.842.401.531.58
(1.27, 2.66)(1.39, 4.16)(1.08, 2.16)(1.14, 2.17)
(.001)(.002)(.018)(.006)
Hyperlipidemia0.650.220.64
(0.45, 0.94)(0.10, 0.49)(0.45, 0.91)
(.021)(<.001)(.014)
Classification index0.720.780.670.610.62
  • Data are odds ratio, 95% CI, and P, based on models created using multiple logistic regression (n=1,136).