Table 1—

Characteristics of type 1 diabetes patients by attachment style

Secure attachmentDismissing attachmentPreoccupied attachmentFearful attachmentPPost hoc differences
n100556052
Female sex56495456NS
Caucasian race97959390NS
Attended at least 1 year college95918883NS
Annual household income ≥$40,000786264520.009S>F,P,D
Married816762520.002S>F,P,D
Significant depressive symptoms present*61518250.01P,F>S
Age (years)43.0 ± 14.645.3 ± 14.138.8 ± 11.539.2 ± 12.40.03D>P
Diabetes knowledge score (% correct)97 ± 795 ± 1097 ± 796 ± 8NS
Mean number of medical conditions1.1 ± 1.41.6 ± 1.61.6 ± 1.52.1 ± 1.80.005F>S
Mean number of diabetes complications (retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy)0.66 ± 0.970.89 ± 0.960.79 ± 1.061.19 ± 1.160.03F>S
Mean HbA1c level (%)7.5 ± 1.18.0 ± 1.27.8 ± 1.48.1 ± 1.50.03F>S
  • Data are % or means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Score >1.72 on the 20 items from the SCL-90-R depression and additional symptoms subscales. D, dismissive attachment; F, fearful attachment; P, preoccupied attachment; S, secure attachment.