Table 2—

Clinical characteristics of type 1 diabetic patients with and without delayed solid gastric emptyinglegend

Delayed gastric emptyingNormal gastric emptyingP
n (male/female)17 (11/6)25 (16/7)NS
Age (years)40 ± 1639 ± 14NS
Duration of diabetes (years)17 ± 919 ± 10NS
HbA1c (%)8.4 ± 0.97.5 ± 1.00.005
TSH (mU/l)1.56 ± 0.721.65 ± 1.01NS
aTPO+5 (29)6 (24)NS
PCA+6 (35)9 (36)NS
Helicobacter pylori +4 (24)9 (36)NS
Gastrin (ng/l)118 ± 83135 ± 64NS
Hypochlorhydria6 (35)8 (32)NS
Autonomic neuropathy2 (12)5 (20)NS
GEC solids2.86 ± 0.533.70 ± 0.24<0.0001
t1/2 solids (min)119.4 ± 72.553.2 ± 13.8<0.0001
GEC liquids3.03 ± 0.533.17 ± 1.00NS
t1/2 liquids (min)53.00 ± 25.6039.3 ± 23.6NS
Delayed liquid emptying9 (53)6 (25)NS (0.1)
Gastrointestinal symptom score4 (0–13)4.5 (0–15)NS
Gastrointestinal symptoms7 (41)11 (44)NS
  • legend

    legend Data are means ± SD, median (range), or n (%). aTPO, thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Reference range for TSH (N1 0.47–4.7 mU/l).