Table 3—

Clinical characteristics of type 1 diabetic patients with and without delayed liquid gastric emptyinglegend

Delayed gastric emptyingNormal gastric emptyingP
n (%)15 (36)27
Age (years)38 ± 1042 ± 15NS
Duration of diabetes (years)20 ± 820 ± 11NS
HbA1c (%)7.6 ± 1.17.7 ± 0.7NS
TSH (mU/l)3.04 ± 0.711.41 ± 0.630.02
aTPO+5 (33)6 (22)NS
PCA+8 (53)7 (26)NS
Helicobacter pylori +4 (27)9 (33)NS
Gastrin (ng/l)139 ± 38136 ± 79NS
Autonomic neuropathy5 (33)2 (7)NS (0.077)
Hypochlorhydria8 (53)6 (22)NS (0.085)
GEC liquids2.38 ± 0.583.40 ± 0.830.012
t1/2 liquids (min)75.2 ± 16.532.3 ± 15.50.042
Gastrointestinal symptom score6 (0–15)4 (0–12)NS
  • legend

    legend Data are means ± SD, median (range), or n (%). aTPO, thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Reference range for TSH (Nl 0.47–4.7 mU/l).