Table 1—

Clinical characteristics and serum AGEs of control subjects and diabetic patients

Control subjectsDiabetic subjects
n83170
Male/female (%)51/4951/49
Age (years)52.8 ± 7.554.5 ± 8.8
BMI (kg/m2)25.0 ± 3.426.1 ± 3.7*
Smokers (%)1314
Duration of diabetes (years)9.8 ± 6.8
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.3 ± 1.28.3 ± 2.1
HbA1c (%)5.8 ± 0.78.1 ± 1.2
AGEs (unit/ml)3.1 ± 0.84.6 ± 0.7
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.6 ± 0.95.8 ± 1.0
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.3 (0.8)1.5 (0.9)*
LDL (mmol/l)3.6 ± 0.83.9 ± 1.0
HDL (mmol/l)1.3 ± 0.41.2 ± 0.3*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)126.4 ± 16.3130.4 ± 12.1*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)78.4 ± 10.976.0 ± 8.7
  • Data are n or means ± SD except for triglyceride levels, which are given as median (interquartile range).

  • *

    * P < 0.05,

  • P < 0.01 vs. control subjects.