Table 2—

Blood pressure, anthropometry, and biochemical data in young college men stratified by blood pressure status

Blood pressure status
P
OptimalNormalHigh-normalHighUnadjustedAdjusted for BMI
n90524610
SBP (mmHg)110 ± 7124 ± 3133 ± 4144 ± 60.00000.00
DBP (mmHg)65 ± 673 ± 579 ± 583 ± 70.00000.00
Heart rate (bpm)63 ± 1265 ± 970 ± 1067 ± 90.00550.007
BMI (kg/m2)20.4 ± 2.221.4 ± 2.223.1 ± 4.826.5 ± 6.50.0000
Body fat (%)16.1 ± 3.718.2 ± 3.920.9 ± 7.725.6 ± 8.60.00000.15
Leptin (ng/ml)1.5 ± 0.71.7 ± 0.73.2 ± 4.55.9 ± 5.20.00000.18
Plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.89 ± 0.445.06 ± 0.335.06 ± 0.394.94 ± 0.500.06580.11
Insulin (pmol/l)43 ± 1250 ± 1257 ± 3068 ± 290.00020.14
HOMA IR1.56 ± 0.491.90 ± 0.582.12 ± 1.162.55 ± 1.310.00000.14
HOMA β-cell113 ± 40112 ± 31129 ± 82168 ± 720.00550.17
CRP (mg/l)0.32 ± 0.550.76 ± 2.500.42 ± 0.720.92 ± 0.960.21560.45
Adiponectin (mg/l)7.9 ± 3.06.5 ± 2.46.4 ± 2.45.6 ± 2.70.00170.002
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.45 ± 0.704.65 ± 0.754.60 ± 0.705.02 ± 1.240.06100.34
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.64 ± 0.652.82 ± 0.672.77 ± 0.703.21 ± 0.980.05570.43
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.53 ± 0.231.53 ± 0.261.47 ± 0.261.32 ± 0.210.06410.67
Triglycerides (mmol/l)0.62 ± 0.240.69 ± 0.280.78 ± 0.361.08 ± 0.950.00040.37
ApoA-I (g/l)1.32 ± 0.181.36 ± 0.181.31 ± 0.161.28 ± 0.180.43520.59
ApoB (g/l)0.68 ± 0.160.74 ± 0.180.75 ± 0.180.93 ± 0.370.00070.30
LDL size (Å)272 ± 5269 ± 5269 ± 4266 ± 70.00030.01
  • Data are means ± SD of unajusted data.