Table 1—

Baseline characteristics according to clinical diabetes status

Nondiabetic throughout the studyType 2 diabetic at baseline (1976)New diabetes diagnosed during follow-up (1976–1996)
n110,2271,5085,894
Mean age (years)424645
Mean BMI (kg/m2)232828
Mean alcohol intake (g/day)*744
Hypertension (%)104227
High cholesterol (%)3136
Current smoking (%)333132
Vigorous exercise ≥1/week (%)*373030
Family history of diabetes (%)153732
Parental history of MI (%)151918
Current menopausal hormone use among postmenopaul women (%)252021
  • *

    * First assessed in 1980;

  • assessed in 1982.