Table 2—

Matching nutrients from foods for a 2,500-kcal diet: average of 4 days

NutrientsPlantAnimal
Protein [g (% kcal)]107 (17)106 (17)
 Animal (g)064
 Plant (g)10743
Carbohydrate [g (% kcal)]331 (53)332 (53)
 Sugars (g)108120
 Starches (g)172163
 Dietary fiber (g)3939
  Soluble (g)1312
  Insoluble (g)2626
Fat [g (% kcal)]83 (30)84 (30)
 SFA [g (% kcal)]21 (7.6)21 (7.6)
 MUFA [g (% kcal)]31 (11.2)31 (11.2)
 PUFA [g (% kcal)]26 (9.4)25 (9)
 Cholesterol (mg)300*312
Calcium (mg)935820
Sodium (mg)1,6381,599
  • *

    * Cholesterol powder;

  • calcium tablets and salt packets were provided to meet goals of >1,000 and <2,400 mg, respectively. MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; SFA, saturated fatty acid.