Table 1—

Effects of drinking on atherosclerotic risks in diabetic subjects

CharacteristicsNondrinkersLight drinkersHeavy drinkers
n834863
Age (years)65.7 ± 1.166.2 ± 1.558.1 ± 1.4*
Alcohol consumption (g/week)094.3 ± 7.3643.4 ± 86.2*
Brinkman index439.9 ± 83.1398.4 ± 98.9904.4 ± 94.1*
BMI (kg/m2)23.2 ± 0.423.5 ± 0.523.3 ± 0.5
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)131.6 ± 2.0131.7 ± 2.4138.6 ± 2.2*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)75.0 ± 1.376.4 ± 1.578.6 ± 1.4
a-PWV (m/s)10.21 ± 0.239.43 ± 0.2710.42 ± 0.26
HbA1c (%)8.43 ± 0.258.07 ± 0.308.16 ± 0.29
Triglycerides (mg/dl)132.0 ± 11.1114.8 ± 13.2170.1 ± 12.6*
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)51.4 ± 2.049.9 ± 2.458.8 ± 2.3*
Uric acid (mg/dl)5.00 ± 0.164.86 ± 0.195.24 ± 0.18
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)281.1 ± 7.1290.8 ± 8.5286.5 ± 8.1
  • Data are means ± SE. The subjects were divided by the degree of their average weekly alcohol consumption into three groups: nondrinkers, light drinkers (ethanol consumption of <210 g/week), and heavy drinkers (alcohol consumption of ≥210 g/week). The mean values of each item (except age and alcohol consumption) were calculated with adjustment for age and sex and compared among the groups of different degrees of alcohol consumption.

  • *

    * Significantly different from the values of nondrinkers and light drinkers (P < 0.05);

  • significantly different from the values of nondrinkers and heavy drinkers (P < 0.05).