Table 1—

Calculated macronutrient intakes on the control and wheat-bran phases (n = 23)

Control (week 12)Wheat bran (week 12)
Energy
 (MJ/day)7.66 ± 0.437.50 ± 0.46
 (kcal/day)(1,824.5 ± 102.2)(1,785.8 ± 110.0)
Total protein
 (g/day)93.8 ± 5.694.1 ± 5.9
 (%)(21.0 ± 0.9)(21.5 ± 1.0)
Vegetable protein
 (g/day)30.1 ± 2.536.8 ± 2.2*
 (%)(6.6 ± 0.4)(8.5 ± 0.5)
Available carbohydrate
 (g/day)239.2 ± 14.2234.7 ± 14.5
 (%)(52.6 ± 1.3)(52.9 ± 1.3)
Total dietary fiber
 (g/day)21.0 ± 1.537.1 ± 2.0*
 (g/1,000 kcal)(11.7 ± 0.7)(21.3 ± 0.8)
Total fat
 (g/day)50.8 ± 4.348.3 ± 5.1
 (%)(24.7 ± 1.3)(23.9 ± 1.2)
SFA
 (g/day)15.6 ± 1.614.6 ± 1.7
 (%)(7.5 ± 0.6)(7.1 ± 0.5)
MUFA
 (g/day)19.2 ± 1.718.0 ± 2.2
 (%)(9.3 ± 0.6)(8.8 ± 0.6)
PUFA
 (g/day)9.9 ± 1.19.1 ± 1.0
 (%)(4.8 ± 0.4)(4.5 ± 0.4)
Dietary cholesterol (mg/day)229.4 ± 23.3210.9 ± 21.0
Alcohol
 (g/day)5.0 ± 2.04.9 ± 2.7
 (%)(1.7 ± 0.7)(1.7 ± 0.9)
  • Data are means ± SEM. % = percent of total energy. SFA, saturated fatty acids; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids.

  • *

    * Significance of the treatment difference between high-fiber and control phases (P < 0.05).