Table 2—

Treatment decisions based on LDL cholesterol level in adults with diabetes

Medical nutrition therapy
Drug therapy
Initiation levelLDL goalInitiation levelLDL goal
With CHD, PVD, or CVD≥100<100≥100<100
Without CHD, PVD, and CVD≥100<100≥130*<100
  • Data are given in milligrams per deciliter.

  • *

    * For patients with LDL between 100 and 129 mg/dl, a variety of treatment strategies are available, including more aggressive MNT and pharmacological treatment with a statin; in addition, if the HDL is <40 mg/dl, a fibric acid such as fenofibrate may be used in these patients. MNT should be attempted before starting pharmacological therapy. PVD, peripheral vascular disease.