Table 1—

Person years, number of events, and age- and race-adjusted 10-year CHD incidence rates (per 100 person years) by category of selected risk factors or subclinical disease markers in ARIC participants aged 45–64 years

Risk GroupWomen
Men
Diabetes (n = 861)
No diabetes (n = 7,122)
Diabetes (n = 639)
No diabetes (n = 5,432)
PYNo. eventsRatePYNo. eventsRatePYNo. eventsRatePYNo. eventsRate
Overall
 Blood pressure*7,80910813.871,0412373.35,50614927.151,68857011.0
 Optimal2,5612711.138,282772.21,7493819.824,2572058.5
 Normal1,6872414.713,731493.61,1943728.111,54713511.3
 High normal1,3721612.18,832414.61,0843228.57,6319011.5
 Hypertension stage I1,4902316.57,927384.69983030.56,21210616.7
 Hypertension stage II–IV6991830.42,2683213.64791225.02,0403417.9
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)
 <2002,355188.425,775542.42,2584519.121,5811698.0
 200 to <2402,9044416.026,703883.41,8555930.519,63022911.5
 240 to <2801,6322415.113,535624.41,0803329.38,13513816.5
 ≥2809182224.35,027336.13131239.52,3423414.8
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 <359201920.52,924269.41,7395529.810,59217917.0
 35 to <452,3803716.311,302534.81,8056132.117,95620411.2
 45 to <501,2181916.18,127445.66451016.07,247679.3
 50 to <601,7982213.118,485603.28731720.19,502848.6
 ≥601,492118.230,203541.8443614.26,391365.4
Current smoker
 No6,2227111.753,6881192.24,18211225.138,1243729.4
 Yes1,5863725.417,3531187.21,3243729.113,56319815.2
Carotid IMT
 <1 mm6,3198315.264,6711943.44,4079724.444,49743510.6
 ≥1 mm3981952.72,3052610.16643448.43,9559923.2
PAD
 No7,0718913.566,7392173.55,19914026.449,18751811.0
 Yes3421650.11,97784.1167743.27262430.9
  • Overall rate is crude, other rates are age and race adjusted.

  • * JNC V category (38).

  • Exclusions for missing IMT led to rates higher than the overall rate. PY, person-years.