Table 2—

Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its different components at follow-up in patients with NGT, IGT, and diabetes according to WHO definitions

VariableNGTIGTDiabetesP value
n505936
Metabolic syndrome (%)2653*420.019
Obesity (BMI >30 kg/m2) (%)1619250.578
Dyslipidemia (%)6666860.071
Hypertension (%)2649*220.008
Microalbuminuria (%)151190.742
Insulin resistance (%)526586*0.004
  • P values based on χ2 test;

  • * indicates differences compared with other groups.