Table 1—

Demographic, clinical, and biochemical features of a cohort of 710 obese children and adolescents

VariableBoysGirlsWhole group
n345365710
Age (years)14 (6–18)14 (7–18)14 (6–18)
Height (cm)161.0 ± 12.0*156.1 ± 10.6158.8 ± 11.5
Weight (kg)93.5 ± 25.7*85.6 ± 20.388.9 ± 23.6
SDS-BMI4.1 ± 0.7*3.6 ± 0.63.8 ± 0.7
BMI (kg/m2)35.2 ± 6.134.8 ± 5.835.0 ± 6.0
Waist (cm)104.1 ± 5.395.5 ± 7.698.3 ± 7.9
Duration of obesity (year)7.1 ± 3.66.7 ± 3.66.8 ± 3.5
Obesity in family (%)586361
Diabetes in family (%)535554
Birth weight (g)3423 ± 511.63411 ± 571.33417 ± 542.3
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.7 ± 0.82.6 ± 0.72.6 ± 0.8
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.3
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.3
Uric acid (μmol/l)382.6 ± 116*347 ± 102364.2 ± 110.6
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)377.7 ± 73.4392.3 ± 77.9385.5 ± 76.1
CRP (mg/dl)0.5 ± 0.70.5 ± 0.50.5 ± 0.6
Systolic BP (mmHg)128 ± 14*124 ± 14126 ± 14
Diastolic BP (mmHg)77 ± 977 ± 1076 ± 10
  • Data are expressed as mean (range), mean ± SD, and %.

  • *

    * P < 0.0001,

  • P < 0.01 vs. girls.