Table 1—

Clinical characteristics of patients at recruitment

CharacteristicCast bootOff-loading shoeP
n4251
Age (years)58 ± 1162 ± 7NS
Men38 (90.5)40 (78.4)NS
Type 1 diabetes6 (14.3)12 (23.5)NS
Diabetes duration (years)17 ± 1115 ± 10NS
BMI (kg/m2)28.55 ± 3.4229.06 ± 4.76NS
Retinopathy31 (74)37 (73)NS
Peripheral arterial disease23 (55)22 (43)NS
Neuropathy42 (100)49 (96)NS
HbA1c (%)7.85 ± 2.78.18 ± 1.6NS
Creatinine (μmol/l)119 ± 205163 ± 200NS
Ulcer length (mm)20.43 ± 12.0615.61 ± 12.31NS
Ulcer width (mm)13.8 ± 7.7110.21 ± 9.120.045
Ulcer depth (mm)5.42 ± 5.353.37 ± 3.160.03
Ulcer duration >6 months20 (48)9 (18)0.002
Ulcer duration (days)395 ± 560134 ± 2720.0078
Ulcer under the forefoot35 (83)49 (96)
Ulcer under the midfoot (Charcot deformity)4 (10)00.0439
Ulcer under the hindfoot3 (7)2 (4)
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).