Table 2—

Changes in anthropometric, fitness, CT, and glucose disposal measures after 16 weeks

Control group
Ae + RT
Ae only
Absolute%Absolute%Absolute%
Weight (kg)2.0 ± 1.22.1 ± 1.3−2.9 ± 1.3*3.2 ± 1.5−1.2 ± 0.7*1.5 ± 0.8
Vo2peak (l/min)−0.05 ± 0.06−2.9 ± 3.40.17 ± 0.0610.2 ± 3.70.22 ± 0.1113.1 ± 6.5
Glycosylated hemoglobin (%)−0.03 ± 0.20−0.43 ± 0.29−0.1 ± 0.22−1.4 ± 3.2−0.10 ± 0.111.59 ± 1.74
Glucose infusion rate (mg · kg−1 · min−1)0.07 ± 0.283.1 ± 12.21.82 ± 0.52*77.1 ± 22.00.55 ± 0.3619.8 ± 12.9
CT
Total abdominal AT (L4–L5) (cm2)17.1 ± 18.02.1 ± 2.2−48.3 ± 18.4*−6.7 ± 2.6−17.0 ± 10.3−2.8 ± 1.7
 Subcutaneous (cm2)17.4 ± 9.03.2 ± 1.6−22.0 ± 15.4−4.7 ± 3.3−8.2 ± 9.7−2.0 ± 2.4
 Visceral (cm2)−0.4 ± 12.0−0.15 ± 4.6−26.3 ± 7.4−10.5 ± 2.9−8.8 ± 5.4−4.1 ± 2.5
Midthigh skeletal muscle
 Cross-sectional area (cm2)0.7 ± 1.60.3 ± 0.75.9 ± 2.02.8 ± 1.00.9 ± 2.10.4 ± 0.9
 Low-density muscle (cm2)3.2 ± 1.06.3 ± 2.0−4.1 ± 2.5*−8.0 ± 4.9−1.4 ± 1.3*2.8 ± 2.6
 Normal-density muscle (cm2)−3.5 ± 1.7−2.0 ± 1.010.5 ± 2.0*6.7 ± 1.32.3 ± 1.8*1.3 ± 1.0
  • Data are means ± SEM.

  • * Significant change compared with control group (P < 0.05).

  • Significant change compared with Ae only.