Table 4—

Association among preconception care, prepregnancy control, and pregnancy outcome in 289 women with type 1 diabetes

ParametersPreconception care
P
YesNo
Total140 (48.5)149 (51.5)
First trimester HbA1c >8%6 (4.3)82 (55.0)<0.0001
Perinatal mortality1 (0.7)12 (8.1)<0.005
Congenital malformation1 (0.7)12 (8.1)<0.005
  • Data are n (%).