Table 2—

Maternal and infant characteristics with respect to HBsAg carrier and gestational diabetes status

Diabetic women HBsAg status
Nondiabetic women HBsAg status
PositiveNegativePositiveNegative
n237747620
Maternal
 Age (years)*34.4 ± 4.932.0 ± 4.929.7 ± 4.629.2 ± 4.8
  % ≥35 years§52.235.119.113.5
 Weight (kg)52.7 ± 6.954.5 ± 8.753.7 ± 8.452.3 ± 7.9
 Height (cm)153.4 ± 5.1154.8 ± 6.0156.3 ± 5.8155.5 ± 5.4
 BMI (kg/m2)22.5 ± 3.022.7 ± 3.321.9 ± 3.021.6 ± 3.1
  % >25 kg/m217.422.121.311.6
 Multiparas (%)65.248.142.646.4
Infant
 Gestation (weeks)#38.3 ± 2.138.7 ± 1.439.2 ± 1.539.1 ± 1.5
 Birth weight (g)3,042 ± 5393,129 ± 5053,235 ± 4633,185 ± 413
  • Data are means ± SD (one-way ANOVA) or % (χ2 test).

  • * P < 0.0001;

  • P < 0.05 compared with the other three groups (Duncan’s test);

  • P < 0.05 compared with nondiabetic groups (Duncan’s test);

  • § P < 0.0001;

  • P = 0.024;

  • P = 0.023;

  • # P = 0.041.