Table 3—

Maternal glucose tolerance and prevalence of high iron status with respect to HBsAg carrier and gestational diabetes status

Diabetic women HBsAg status
Nondiabetic women HBsAg status
PositiveNegativePositiveNegative
n237747620
OGTT (mmol/l)
 Antenatal 0-h*4.4 ± 0.44.5 ± 0.64.4 ± 0.4 (n = 24)4.3 ± 0.4 (n = 291)
 Antenatal 2-h*9.0 ± 0.98.9 ± 0.96.3 ± 1.1 (n = 24)6.3 ± 1.0 (n = 291)
 Postnatal 0-h5.0 ± 0.35.0 ± 0.6
 Postnatal 2-h6.4 ± 1.67.1 ± 2.1
 Abnormal (%)1/8 (12.5)15/51 (29.4)
Iron status (%)
 High ferritin52.2§28.631.923.9
 High iron30.423.414.924.0
 High transferrin saturation39.126.017.024.0
  • Data are means ± SD (one-way ANOVA) or % (χ2 test).

  • * P < 0.0001;

  • P < 0.05 compared with nondiabetic HBsAg-negative group (Duncan’s test);

  • P < 0.05 compared with nondiabetic groups (Duncan’s test);

  • § P = 0.036 comparing diabetic HBsAg-negative group;

  • P = 0.002 comparing nondiabetic HBsAg-negative group;

  • P = 0.043 compared with nondiabetic HBsAg-positive group.