Table 1

Select characteristics of people with diabetes

Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesTotal
n1,3687,2288,596
Age (years), median (IQ range)41.0 (31–52)59.0 (48–65)57.0 (45–64)
Sex, n (%)
 Men651 (47.6)3,872 (53.6)4,523 (52.6)
 Women717 (52.4)3,356 (46.4)4,073 (47.4)
Diabetes duration (years), median (IQ range)21.5 (11.0–34.0)8.0 (4.0–14.0)9.0 (4.0–16.0)
Glucose-lowering treatment, n (%)*
 Diet and exercise724 (52.9)4,588 (63.5)5,312 (61.8)
 Alternative medicine83 (6.1)560 (7.8)643 (7.5)
 Oral hypoglycemic agents204 (14.9)4,038 (55.9)4,242 (49.4)
 Insulin1,368 (100.0)2,591 (35.9)3,959 (46.1)
 Other diabetes medication by injection36 (2.6)286 (4.0)322 (3.8)
 Other23 (1.7)170 (2.4)193 (2.3)
 None of these0 (0.0)123 (1.7)123 (1.4)
Complications/comorbidities, n (%)*
 No complications/comorbidities387 (28.3)1,997 (27.6)2,384 (27.7)
 With complications/comorbidities981 (71.7)5,231 (72.4)6,212 (72.3)
Work situation, n (%)
 Full-time630 (46.1)2,284 (31.6)2,914 (33.9)
 Part-time154 (11.3)601 (8.3)755 (8.8)
 Not working full-time owing to diabetes145 (42.9)283 (19.3)428 (23.7)
 Not working580 (42.5)4,327 (60.0)4,907 (57.2)
Living area, n (%)
 Large city785 (57.4)3,756 (52.0)4,541 (52.8)
 Small city or a large town350 (25.6)1,835 (25.4)2,185 (25.4)
 Suburban area89 (6.5)579 (8.0)668 (7.8)
 Village or rural area144 (10.5)1,050 (14.5)1,194 (13.9)
Level of education, n (%)
 No college education513 (39.9)3,729 (53.5)4,242 (51.4)
 At least some college education772 (60.1)3,245 (46.5)4,017 (48.6)
  • Countries surveyed: Algeria, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Spain, Turkey, the U.K., and the U.S. IQ, interquartile.

  • *Participants may have data in more than one category.