Table 1—

Comparison of characteristics of individuals with major depression by diabetes status

Diabetes (n = 176, N = 969, 599)
No diabetes (n = 1,873, N = 11,141,509)
P value
%SE%SE
Race/ethnicity0.0414*
 White684.0781.2
 Black132.5110.9
 Hispanic/other203.3120.9
Age (years)<0.0001
 18–34103.2371.4
 35–49324.3381.3
 60–64384.3191.1
 ≥65203.370.7
Women634.4671.30.3783
<High school education283.6191.00.0087*
Poverty ratio (% of federal poverty level)0.0037
 <124%354.5241.2
 124–199%183.4151.2
 200–399%314.8321.5
 ≥400%163.5291.4
Employed424.3721.2<0.0001
Married524.5421.60.0636
Health status0.0009
 Better223.8261.2
 Worse414.5221.0
 Same384.4521.4
Obesity status (kg/m2)0.0001
 BMI <18.5474.7261.3
 BMI 18.5–24.9294.1311.2
 BMI 25.0–29.9224.2401.4
 BMI ≥30.021.030.4
Smoker324.4411.40.046*
Major complications — Yes514.6191.0<0.0001
Visited a primary care physician882.9711.2<0.0001
Visited a psychiatrist or mental health professional294.2291.20.9088
Visited an emergency room414.4321.30.0498*
  • Data are % (percentage of weighted sample) and SE. n = unweighted sample size; N = weighted sample.

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.005.