Table 3—

Prevalence of major depressive disorder by individual characteristics in adults with diabetes

%SEP value
Race/ethnicity0.1418
 White9.21.0
 Black7.21.4
 Hispanic/other11.82.0
Age (years)<0.0001
 18–3414.24.3
 35–4916.92.5
 50–6410.01.4
 ≥654.50.8
Sex0.009*
 Women11.21.2
 Men7.21.1
Education0.7139
 <High School8.91.3
 ≥High School9.51.0
Poverty ratio (% of federal poverty level)0.0003
 <124%18.32.4
 124–199%11.62.4
 200–399%9.61.7
 ≥400%6.01.4
Employment0.6803
 Employed9.11.3
 Not employed9.71.0
Marital status0.0205*
 Married7.81.0
 Not married11.61.3
Health status<0.0001
 Better9.81.8
 Worse21.92.8
 Same5.70.8
Obesity status (kg/m2)0.3821
 BMI <18.510.41.3
 BMI 18.5–24.97.81.2
 BMI 25.0–29.99.42.0
 BMI ≥30.018.88.8
Smoking status0.0007
 Smoker18.02.8
 Nonsmoker7.70.8
Years since diagnosis0.0443*
 <512.51.8
 5–96.41.5
 ≥109.21.2
Medication use0.3645
 Diet alone11.12.1
 Insulin or oral agents9.00.9
Major complications0.0165*
 Yes11.81.4
 No7.61.0
  • Data are % (percentage of weighted sample) and SE. n = unweighted sample size; N = weighted sample.

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.005.