Table 1—

Age- and sex-adjusted baseline characteristics by incident type 2 diabetes at follow-up

No diabetesIncident type 2 diabetesP
n1,539195
Age (years)*42.7 ± 0.2747.7 ± 0.77<0.0001
Male (%)*42.839.00.363
Mexican Americans (%)*64.180.5<0.0001
Family history of diabetes (%)*30.345.6<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)27.2 ± 0.1331.3 ± 0.38<0.0001
Waist circumference (cm)
 Men94.2 ± 0.40101.2 ± 1.18<0.0001
 Women84.8 ± 0.4696.4 ± 1.26<0.0001
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.70 ± 0.015.27 ± 0.04<0.0001
2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.58 ± 0.047.61 ± 0.12<0.0001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.24 ± 0.011.05 ± 0.02<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.07 ± 0.025.06 ± 0.070.828
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.50 ± 0.032.19 ± 0.08<0.0001
SBP (mmHg)117.5 ± 0.35123.6 ± 0.98<0.0001
DBP (mmHg)71.5 ± 0.2274.8 ± 0.64<0.0001
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)12.2 ± 0.3522.3 ± 0.98<0.0001
IGT (%)7.444.9<0.0001
IFG (%)1.07.4<0.0001
NCEP definition (%)14.448.7<0.0001
Modified WHO definition (%)12.541.3<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • * Not adjusted for age and sex. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.