Table 1—

Baseline anthropometric and biochemical parameters in the group that developed diabetes in comparison with the nondiabetic group

ParametersNGT + IGT groupDiabetic group
n6625
Age (years)45.1 ± 5.445.5 ± 5.4
BMI (kg/m2)26.1 ± 2.726.8 ± 5.1
Waist (cm)
 Men89.1 ± 7.192.8 ± 8.9*
 Women86.3 ± 7.989.2 ± 9.5
Fat (%)
 Men30.6 ± 3.931.8 ± 5.6
 Women43.7 ± 6.043.2 ± 8.7
Plasma glucose (mmol/l)
 Fasting5.5 ± 0.65.4 ± 0.9
 2 h8.5 ± 0.78.7 ± 0.8
 HbA1c (%)6.1 ± 0.546.33 ± 0.54
 Cholesterol (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.95.0 ± 0.5
 Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.9 ± 0.92.0 ± 1.3
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.1 ± 0.21.0 ± 0.2
 Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance5.0 ± 2.15.45 ± 3.1
 Adiponectin (μg/ml)16.7 ± 7.611.3 ± 5.5
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • * P = 0.04;

  • P = 0.002.