Table 2—

Changes in physical activity and nutrient intakes from baseline to years 1 and 3

From baseline to year 1
From baseline to year 3
Intervention groupControl groupP*Intervention groupControl groupP*
n256250231203
Total LTPA (min/week)16 (−126 to 115)21 (−133 to 138)0.904550 (−126 to 115)23 (−142 to 171)0.2415
Moderate-to-vigorous LTPA (min/week)49 (−41 to 140)14 (−47 to 90)0.007361 (−33 to 168)6 (−91 to 104)0.0057
Energy (kcal/day)−247 ± 438−108 ± 4640.0001−204 ± 489−97 ± 4580.0067
Carbohydrates
 E%3.3 ± 8.11.7 ± 7.30.00233.3 ± 8.02.0 ± 7.60.0070
 g−13 ± 52−4 ± 480.0590−11 ± 57−1 ± 500.1042
Fat
 E%−3.4 ± 8.2−2.1 ± 7.60.0002−4.7 ± 7.7−3.2 ± 7.5<0.0001
 g−16 ± 25−8 ± 28<0.0001−16 ± 27−11 ± 270.0003
Saturated fat (E%)−2.7 ± 4.6−1.2 ± 5.1<0.0001−3.2 ± 4.5−1.9 ± 4.9<0.0001
Monounsaturated fat (E%)−0.8 ± 3.8−0.4 ± 3.40.0257−1.0 ± 3.6−0.6 ± 3.50.0453
Polyunsaturated fat (E%)−0.0 ± 2.1−0.2 ± 2.50.50200.0 ± 2.4−0.4 ± 2.30.0872
Alcohol
 E%−1.1 ± 4.4−0.3 ± 4.60.1452−0.2 ± 4.1−0.2 ± 4.30.6836
 g−4 ± 15−1 ± 130.1168−0 ± 14−0 ± 140.8580
Cholesterol (mg)−69 ± 138−28 ± 1480.0005−63 ± 167−31 ± 1550.0586
Fiber
 g1 ± 70 ± 70.11461 ± 81 ± 70.4393
 g/1,000 kcal2.5 ± 4.60.7 ± 4.1<0.00012.4 ± 4.71.1 ± 4.10.0013
 Water soluble (g)0.2 ± 1.70.5 ± 1.50.22180.1 ± 1.70.1 ± 1.50.7275
 Water soluble (g/1,000 kcal)0.5 ± 1.10.2 ± 1.0<0.00010.5 ± 1.10.2 ± 1.00.0050
 Water insoluble (g)0.6 ± 5.50.0 ± 5.50.11360.7 ± 5.90.4 ± 5.70.5608
 Water insoluble (g/1,000 kcal)1.7 ± 3.30.5 ± 3.0<0.00011.7 ± 3.40.9 ± 3.10.0034
  • Data are means ± SD or median (interquartile range).

  • * ANCOVA adjusting for baseline value or Mann-Whitney test for two unpaired groups. Values in bold are statistically significant.